- Wheat is considered a Priority Allergen by Health Canada.
- Some other common names for wheat are spelt, kamut and bulgur.
- Read ingredient labels every time you buy or eat a product.
- Do The Triple Check and read the label:
- Once at the store before buying it.
- Once when you get home and put it away.
- Again before you serve or eat the product.
- Always carry your epinephrine auto-injector.
- For tips on eating out, visit our guide for dining out with food allergies.
- Some “gluten-free” products may be cross-contaminated if made in a shared kitchen with wheat products. Check with bakeries and manufacturers directly.
- Check with manufacturers directly to see if the product is safe for you even if your allergen is not listed on the ingredient list.
- Be careful when buying products from abroad, such as packaged foods and health supplements, since labelling rules differ from country to country.
Other names for wheat
- Enriched flour, white flour, whole-wheat flour
- Graham flour, high gluten flour, high protein flour
- Spelt (dinkel, farro)
- Triticale (a cross between wheat and rye)
- Titicum aestivom
- Wheat bran, wheat flour, wheat germ, wheat gluten, wheat starch
Possible sources of wheat
- Baking powder
- Baked goods, e.g. breads, bread crumbs, cakes, cereals, cookies, crackers, donuts, muffins, pasta, baking mixes
- Batter-fried foods
- Binders and fillers in processed meat, poultry and fish products
- Coffee substitutes
- Chicken and beef broth
- Deli meats
- Gelatinized starch, modified starch, modified food starch
- Gravy mixes, bouillon cubes
- Communion/altar bread and wafers
- Hydrolyzed plant protein
- Ice cream
- Imitation bacon
- Pie fillings, puddings, snack foods
- Prepared ketchup and mustard
- Salad dressings
- Sauces, like chutney and tamari
- Seasonings, natural flavouring (from malt, wheat)
- Soy sauce
- Candy, chocolate bars
- Pie fillings and puddings
Non-food sources of wheat
- Art supplies such as Play-Doh® and some glues
- Cosmetics, hair care products
- Medications, vitamins, herbal supplements
- Pet food, including fish food
- Wreath decorations
To Report a Reaction
If you believe you may have reacted to an allergen not listed on the packaging, you can report it to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, which may issue a product recall. Find out more on our Food Labelling page.