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About Allergies

Tree Nuts

Quick Facts

  • Tree nuts are considered a priority allergen by Health Canada.
  • People with an allergy to one type of nut have a greater chance of being allergic to others.
  • People who are allergic to some tree nuts generally avoid all tree nuts and peanuts because of the risk of cross-contamination.

Be Allergy-Aware 

  • Read ingredient labels every time you buy or eat a product.
  • Do The Triple Check and read the label:
    • Once at the store before buying it.
    • Once when you get home and put it away.
    • Again before you serve or eat the product.
  • Always carry your epinephrine auto-injector.
  • For tips on eating out, visit our guide for dining out with food allergies.
  • Check with manufacturers directly to see if the product is safe for you even if your allergen is not listed on the ingredient list.
  • Be careful when buying imported products, since labelling rules differ from country to country.

Common tree nuts

  • Almonds
  • Brazil nuts
  • Cashews
  • Chestnuts
  • Hazelnuts (filberts)
  • Hickory nuts
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Pecans
  • Pine nuts (pinon, pignolias)
  • Pistachios
  • Shea nuts (shea butter)
  • Walnuts

Other names for tree nuts

  • Anacardium nuts
  • Mandelonas (a nut-flavoured peanut confection)
  • Nut meats
  • Queensland nut (macadamia)

Possible sources of tree nuts

  • Alcoholic beverages, such as Frangelico, amaretto liqueurs and others
  • Baked goods such as biscotti, cakes, cookies, crackers, donuts, granola bars, pastries and pies, baklava, baking mixes
  • Barbecue sauce
  • Candies, such as calisson, mandelonas, marzipan, some chocolates, chocolate bars
  • Cereals, granola, muesli
  • Health and Nutritional supplements, such as herbal remedies and vitamins
  • Herbal teas
  • Hot cocoa and cocoa mixes
  • Ice cream, gelato, frozen desserts, sundae toppings, frozen yogurt, pralines
  • Main course dishes such as butter chicken, chicken korma, mole sauce, pad thai, satay, chili, other gravy dishes
  • Natural flavourings and extracts
  • Nut-flavoured coffees, hot cocoa, specialty drinks
  • Peanut oil
  • Pesto sauce
  • Salads and salad dressings
  • Smoke flavourings
  • Snack food like chips, popcorn, snack mixes, trail mix
  • Spreads and Nut butters (e.g., Nutella and gianduia/gianduja)
  • Vegetarian dishes

Non-food sources of tree nuts

  • Beanbags, kick sacks/hacky sacks
  • Bird seed
  • Cosmetics, skin and hair care products, lotions, soap, body scrubs, sun screens
  • Massage oils
  • Pet food
  • Sandblasting materials

To Report a Reaction

If you believe you may have reacted to an allergen not listed on the packaging, you can report it to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, which may issue a product recall. Find out more on our Food Labelling page.

Download a printable PDF of this page.