- Tree nuts are considered a priority allergen by Health Canada.
- People with an allergy to one type of nut have a greater chance of being allergic to others.
- People who are allergic to some tree nuts generally avoid all tree nuts and peanuts because of the risk of cross-contamination.
- Read ingredient labels every time you buy or eat a product.
- Do The Triple Check and read the label:
- Once at the store before buying it.
- Once when you get home and put it away.
- Again before you serve or eat the product.
- Always carry your epinephrine auto-injector.
- For tips on eating out, visit our guide for dining out with food allergies.
- Check with manufacturers directly to see if the product is safe for you even if your allergen is not listed on the ingredient list.
- Be careful when buying imported products, since labelling rules differ from country to country.
Common tree nuts
- Brazil nuts
- Hazelnuts (filberts)
- Hickory nuts
- Macadamia nuts
- Pine nuts (pinon, pignolias)
- Shea nuts (shea butter)
Other names for tree nuts
- Anacardium nuts
- Mandelonas (a nut-flavoured peanut confection)
- Nut meats
- Queensland nut (macadamia)
Possible sources of tree nuts
- Alcoholic beverages, such as Frangelico, amaretto liqueurs and others
- Baked goods such as biscotti, cakes, cookies, crackers, donuts, granola bars, pastries and pies, baklava, baking mixes
- Barbecue sauce
- Candies, such as calisson, mandelonas, marzipan, some chocolates, chocolate bars
- Cereals, granola, muesli
- Health and Nutritional supplements, such as herbal remedies and vitamins
- Herbal teas
- Hot cocoa and cocoa mixes
- Ice cream, gelato, frozen desserts, sundae toppings, frozen yogurt, pralines
- Main course dishes such as butter chicken, chicken korma, mole sauce, pad thai, satay, chili, other gravy dishes
- Natural flavourings and extracts
- Nut-flavoured coffees, hot cocoa, specialty drinks
- Peanut oil
- Pesto sauce
- Salads and salad dressings
- Smoke flavourings
- Snack food like chips, popcorn, snack mixes, trail mix
- Spreads and Nut butters (e.g., Nutella and gianduia/gianduja)
- Vegetarian dishes
Non-food sources of tree nuts
- Beanbags, kick sacks/hacky sacks
- Bird seed
- Cosmetics, skin and hair care products, lotions, soap, body scrubs, sun screens
- Massage oils
- Pet food
- Sandblasting materials
To Report a Reaction
If you believe you may have reacted to an allergen not listed on the packaging, you can report it to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, which may issue a product recall. Find out more on our Food Labelling page.